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Difference Between Lawyer, Solicitor, Barrister, Attorney And Judge

Although all of them are legal practitioner there are some differences between them which will be examined below:

1. Lawyer

This is the general term that is used for anyone who is a Licensed Legal Practitioner and has the qualifications to give any form of legal advice in some areas of the law.

In simple terms a solicitor and a barrister are types of lawyers.

2. Solicitor

This is a type of lawyer that gives legal advice to his or her clients in a particular area of the law. A solicitor is the first person a business or an individual seeks when they need advice on legal matters such as protecting their intellectual property or engaging in a contract.

It is the solicitor that manages the day to day legal affairs of their clients.

Any solicitor that is handling a case of dispute majority of their time is spent outside the court preparing the evidence, conducting some form of settlement negotiations, they only appear in court when a barrister is needed for the case.

3. Barrister

When a client get involved in a complex court case, a solicitor will instruct a barrister to appear before a court on behalf of their client.

This means that a barrister is an expert lawyer that provides specialist legal advice on specific areas of the law, they spend a majority of their time representing businesses or individuals in a court.

A barrister helps the solicitor in drafting some court documents. However, a solicitor can become a barrister after he or she might have passed an exam and fulfilled the requirements for the Bar authority of that state.

4. Attorney

This is a generic term that refers to a lawyer who has passed a bar examination and can practise the law in a jurisdiction.

An attorney doesn’t represent clients in courts like a barrister or solicitor because the confidentiality between an attorney and their client doesn’t move to court cases.

Attorneys can act as lawyers but it is very important to note that; not all lawyers can effectively perform the role of attorneys and that is because a separate professional code of conduct lists the rigid responsibilities that attorneys are subject to. 

5. Judge

A judge is a person who presides over a court of law, his job is to hear the arguments of both lawyers and must impartially decide on the case.

The decision of a judge is solely based on their knowledge of the law and their judgement.

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